Learn the right and wrong ways to use participle phrases. A participle phrase, boiled down to its bare minimum, is an “-ing” phrase. For example, here a participle phrase:
Zipping up his coat, Herold left the car.
Why is this wrong? Because logically, this cannot happen. One cannot zip up their coat at the same time they are opening their car door. A better construction would be:
Herold zipped up his coat, then left the car.
Of course, this sentence could sound a little more polished. But this gives the idea.
If you want more information on participle phrases, click the link. Watch for these in your prose. They can work in your favor, or they can cripple your writing.